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Health and Medical tips


  • Liver Fluke

    Liver fluke disease is a chronic parasitic disease of the bile ducts. Infection with this parasite occurs through eating fluke-infested, fresh-water raw or under cooked fish.Human liver flukes are parasitic worms called trematodes. The adult (mature) flukes are found in the bile ducts and liver of infected people and animals, such as sheep and cattle.Two Fasciola species (types) infect people. The main species is Fasciola hepatica, which is also known as "the common liver fluke" and "the sheep liver fluke." A related species, Fasciola gigantica, also can infect people.

    People living along rivers are prone to infection by flukes because they have a habit of eating raw or under cooked fresh-water fish. This food-borne malady is an important public health issue.Liver fluke infection can be asymptomatic or may cause symptoms related to the biliary system (the liver bile ducts and gallbladder).Patients with severe infection suffer from fatigue and abdominal discomfort. Long standing infection may cause stone formation in the bile ducts and the gallbladder, recurrent bacterial secondary infections in the bile ducts and cancer of the bile ducts.Severe infection can cause an enlarged liver (hepatomegaly) and complaints such as abdominal pain, anorexia, nausea, vomiting and indigestion. Jaundice is due to the mechanical obstruction in the bile ducts caused by a multitude of flukes, or it is due to bile duct obstruction caused by stones, or bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) as a late complication of chronic infection.

     Prevention

    Cook water-grown vegetables thoroughly before eating and avoid sewage contamination of growing areas.

     

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  • What Is Goiter?

    Goiter refers to the abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland.A goiter can occur in a gland that is producing too much hormone (hyperthyroidism), too little hormone (hypothyroidism), or the correct amount of hormone (euthyroidism). 

    Causes Of Goiter Include

    Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of goiter.Other causes of goiter include:-

        - Thyroiditis (The body's immune system attacking the thyroid gland)

        - Thyroid cancers and benign tumors (nodules) that may cause a so-called multinodular goiter

        -  Infections

        -  Cigarette smoking

        -  Certain medicines (lithium, amiodarone)

        -  Certain foods (soy, peanuts, vegetables in the broccoli and cabbage family)

    Risk Factors

    Goiters are more common in  people over age 40, people with a family history of goiter and women.

    Symptoms Of Goiter

          - Enlarged thyroid (main symptom)

          - Breathing difficulties

          -  Cough

          - Swallowing difficulties

          -  Pain in the area of the thyroid

    Treatments

     

        - Using iodized table salt

       - Small doses of Lugol's iodine or potassium iodine solution

       -  Radioactive iodine to shrink the gland, if the thyroid is producing too much thyroid hormone

       - Surgery to remove all or part of the gland

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  • 9 Benefits of Walking

    Simple tips to walk more

    1 Weight loss

    2 Increase metabolism

    3 Relieves stress

    4 Boosts immune function

    5 Toned muscles

    6 Increased self - esteem

    7 Stronger bones and joints

    8 Increase energy

    9 Healthier heart

     

     

     

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  • Tips About Hemorrhoids

    Hemorrhoids(piles) are swollen and inflamed veins in the lowest area of the rectum and the anus.Hemorrhoids may result from straining during bowel movements or from the increased pressure on these veins during pregnancy. Hemorrhoids can occur both inside and above the inside of the anus. They can also appear externally, under the skin of the anus.

       Internal hemorrhoids:  involve the veins inside rectum and usually don't hurt but they may bleed painlesslyInternal hemorrhoids can prolapse or protrude through the anus.

     External hemorrhoids: involve the veins outside the anus. They can be itchy or painful and can sometimes crack and bleed.Blood clots sometimes form within prolapsed external hemorrhoids, causing a very painful condition called a thrombosis. 

    Hemorrhoid causes

               - Pregnancy

               - Chronic constipation

                - Straining to move stool

                - Chronic diarrhea

                - Aging

                - Sitting for long periods

                - Anal intercourse

                - Obesity

    Symptoms of hemorrhoids

               -  Itching or irritation in the anal area 

               -  Bleeding, usually painless

                - Discomfort and pain in the anal region

                - Swelling in the anal region

                - Leakage of feces

    Hemorrhoid treatment 

    - Drink plenty of fluids 

    Include more fiber in your diet. Fresh fruits, leafy vegetables, and whole-grain breads and cereals are good sources of fiber.

    - Exercise regularly.

    - Avoid laxatives that can lead to diarrhea, which can worsen hemorrhoids.

    - When you feel the need to have a bowel movement, don't wait too long to use the bathroom.

    - Take warm baths.

    - Use ice packs to relieve swelling.

    - Clean your anus after each bowel movement by patting gently with moist toilet paper or moistened pads such as baby wipes.

     

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  • Anemia

    Anemia is a condition that occurs when our blood does not have enough red blood cells or when our blood does not have enough hemoglobin.

    Causes of anemia

    The causes of anemia can be grouped in to three category.

    1 Blood loss(excessive bleeding): Red blood cells can be lost through bleeding, which often can occur slowly over a long period of time, and can go undetected.Such chronic bleeding commonly results from Gastrointestinal disease, heavy menstrual periods and due to frequent use of aspirin, ibuprofen or other non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs

    2 Inadequate production of red blood cells: This occurs when the body is unable to produce enough red blood cells. Conditions associated with these causes of anemia include Iron-deficiency, Vitamin-deficiency and Bone marrow and stem cell problems

     3 Excessive destruction of red blood cells:  If red blood cells are destroyed prematurely (hemolysis), the bone marrow tries to compensate by producing new cells faster. When destruction of red blood cells exceeds their production, hemolytic anemia results

    Symptom of anemia

    The most common symptom of anemia, regardless of type,include

           -Weakness

            - Shortness of breath

             - Pale skin

             - Headache and dizziness

              - Rapid heartbeat and chest pain

              - Feeling cold

    Treatment of anemia

              - Supplying the body with iron and other essential nutrients in a form which is easily absorbed by the body

               - Correcting underlying anthologies and deficiencies that cause Anemia

                - Improving the body's uptake of iron from food

                - Promoting red blood cell production

                - Cleansing the blood and the lymphatic system

                 - Supplying adequate oxygen to the organs, thereby relieving fatigue and other Anemia symptoms.

     

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